Health & Wellness, Pets

The best advice for caring for cats

Bringing a new cat can be exciting and overwhelming. There is so much to
buy and do to prepare. Your new cat may be frightened and confused when it
enters a new home. However, you can ease the transition by preparing
everything, taking good care of your cat and taking into account the special
needs he may have before welcoming him to your home for the first time.

1- Give the cat a scratching post

Scratching is part of the cat’s normal behavior and there is no way to train it. If your cat still has claws, it
will need a scratch or two to prevent it from scratching furniture, woodwork, etc. By providing a
message, you enable the cat to behave normally and healthily.

2- Stop the cat from exploring the prohibited areas

Cats are curious and jump on counters or other places you want to get away from. Scattered mats, a
perfectly synchronized water mist from a spray bottle or even a heavy « no » can correct this behavior.
With time and patience, you can teach your cat to stay away from your protected areas. You can also
use a rattle (an empty soda can filled with a few stones and the sealed opening). Throw it gently on the
floor to keep a cat away from prohibited areas. DO NOT throw the crate onto the cat as this may cause
damage.

3- Consider using products based on cat pheromones

These products, which fill the air with soothing synthetic pheromones, are supplied in the form of sprays
or diffusers that are connected to sockets. They can help solve cat litter or scratching problems, and
have also been shown to soothe stressed or anxious cats.

Like human babies, kittens need to see the vet more often than adult cats. From about 8 weeks, you
need 2-3 visits to carry out your vaccinations and anti-worm treatments. This includes at least one
distemper vaccine and one rabies vaccine. Your veterinarian will also discuss the benefits of optional
vaccinations. Learn about the risks of diseases like feline leukemia and make an informed decision about
the vaccines you want. The vet will also examine the kitten for fleas and mites and treat them if
necessary. Make sure that the kitten gets its worm treatment. Most kittens have roundworms that slow
down growth and may be transmitted to humans.

5- Have your cat sterilized

Sterilizing a female cat or sterilizing a male cat has many advantages. It reduces unwanted behaviors like
roaming and the tendency to spray urine. It physically protects against unwanted pregnancies and
diseases such as pyometra. The most important thing, however, is that it reduces the number of
unwanted kittens in the world! Ask your vet for a recommendation when to sterilize or neuter kittens.
Generally, veterinarians recommend a range of 2 to 6 months.

6- Get cats used to brushing their teeth

Cats can suffer from dental diseases. To brush your cat’s teeth, you need a toothbrush with soft bristles
and a veterinary toothpaste. Never use human toothpaste – too much fluoride can disturb your cat’s
stomach, and with the high fluoride concentration in human toothpaste, too much can be toxic. First,
offer her a foretaste of veterinary toothpaste. Let him try the toothpaste next time, and then run your
finger over the gums of the upper teeth. Repeat the process with the toothbrush. Guide the bristles of
the brush along the gums of the upper molars and tilt them up slightly so that the bristles run under the
gum line. Work from the back to the front and make small circles along the gums.

Do not try to brush the entire mouth at first. If he/she only lets you brush the outside of her upper
teeth, it’s better than nothing. You’re still addressing the most important area of dental disease
prevention.

7- Encourage the cat to use a litter box

Most cats prefer the litter box due to the texture of the litter box over other
rooms in the house. However, there are still a few steps to be taken to ensure
that you offer the litter box as the best place to use the bathroom. Place the
box in a quiet place where the cat is not disturbed by people, dogs or loud
noises. To keep the litter box clean, remove the litter box daily and clean it
weekly. You should also replace or refresh the litter box at least once a week.
Provide enough litter boxes for more than one cat. If you have 2 cats, you will
need 3 litter boxes in different places in the house. A cat can try to intimidate a
less dominated cat without using a single box. 2 Make
the litter box a convenient place.
Do not startle or surprise your cat when using the box, otherwise she may
have a bad association with the box and start avoiding it. Buy a large box,
even if you have to spend a little money on it. Cats feel more comfortable in a
larger box (on the surface and not in height). Do not change your cat’s litter
traces since cats dislike sudden changes. Switching from a clay litter to a
lump litter or vice versa can annoy the cat so much that it no longer uses the
crate. Do not use a strongly scented litter box that could prevent a cat from
using the litter box.

8- Take into account the needs of young and old cats

Keep in mind that kittens and older cats with arthritis or other health problems
may have problems getting in and out of the box too big. Use low containers
in an easily accessible place for kittens and cats with special needs, or buy an
adjustable litter box.

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